Regenerative Medicine

Can there be a time when the advancement of medicine reaches a point in which we no longer need to transplant organs into the body to replace failing ones? When we no longer need to take insulin because our body does not produce enough? When paralysis due to nerve damage becomes repairable and reversible? These are the types of things that Regenerative Medicine can do for us.

Regenerative Medicine is a branch of medicine which focuses on the body’s own regenerative capabilities as a treatment for what ails us. This kind of medicine, when properly implemented, would allow us to restore the structure and proper function of damaged organs and tissues. It would even allow us to cure certain diseases that some of us are born with. Allowing many debilitated people to lead healthier lives, few of which had the chance just decades earlier.

This branch of medicine is made up of a few different concentrations:

Cellular Therapies: These are therapies using the cells of the body to regrow parts of the body like damaged nerve or cardiac tissue. Heart Disease is the leading cause of death in the US. Heart Disease is caused by the irreversible death of heart cells during and after a heart attack due to a clotted cardiac artery. These dead heart cells could be replaced using stem cell treatments to create new cardiac cells.

Artificial Organs: This technique does not necessarily regenerate an organ, it does regenerate the function of that organ by replacing it with a new organ to do the work of the previously impaired organ. This is one of the few regenerative therapies that has already been implemented with great success in many patients. Many people live with artificial hearts and lungs but most are still waiting for a transplant so this technology is an interim for the true cure: tissue engineering.

Tissue Engineering: This technique involves restoring impaired organs of the body or replacing them entirely with lab-grown organs. Once this technique is perfected, it will put an end to organ transplants as we know it. No one will have to wait years on a list for an organ that, once implemented, might even be rejected by the body. Tissue Engineering would allow these organs and tissues to be grown using the patient’s own cells. Giving us an endless supply of something that used to have a finite lifespan. Our lifespans as individuals would surely increase with this type of breakthrough.

All of these techniques are wrapped up into something called Clinical Translation. Clinical translation is the implementation of these techniques in actual human trials so that they can be used in mainstream medicine. As time passes, these therapies will be tested and used on more patients, perfecting the various kinds of regenerative treatments and even developing entirely new treatments.

This type of medicine is the key to repairing our bodies as we age. So even though we may not be able to live forever, the quality of our existence will remain much higher until we reach the end of our lifespans. Regenerative Medicine has a promising future and its advancements brighten our future along with it.

Source by Antonio Pedulla

Made-in-China Medicine Testing the World Market

Many pharmaceutical companies in China are hoping to pass major international certifications, such as certifications from the WHO, EU and Australia. “It is likely that 20 pharmaceutical companies can obtain international certifications this year,” said Mr Yu Mingde, a vice-director of China Pharmaceutical Enterprises Management Association.

Temptation from the outside

2007 was another record year for China’s western medicine export value, up 56% to US$784 million. However, most medicines that went to big markets such as Japan, Korea and Australia were products from foreign companies in China, mainly in the form of export processing trades. Products made by domestic Chinese companies were exported to low end markets such as Nigeria and Pakistan. As Chinese pharmaceutical companies are still weak at proprietary R&D, most of their products are generic copycat drugs.

Yu revealed that “the big three markets of EU, US and Japan have different market systems to ours. For the same generic drug, profits from selling to the big three markets are 5-8 times of those in China.” A more pressing issue is that almost half pharmaceutical companies in China currently have idle capacities.

On one hand it is the high profit from international markets, on the other are the capacity surplus and vicious competition in the domestic market. It is not hard to see why the Chinese government has been emphasising medicine exports in its healthcare industry planning, and “going out” has also become a consensus in the Chinese pharmaceutical industry.

Access to the markets

The EU mandates that medicine access permits will only be granted to companies inside the EU jurisdiction. So if foreign companies want to sell medicines to the EU market, they have to establish local branches or find local partners. FDA in the US also has similar requirements.

Yu suggested that for Chinese medicine products to enter EU and US markets, Chinese companies may try arrangements such as local mergers and acquisitions, registration of local offices or seeking local partners, and local partnerships would probably be the easiest. It is understood that those companies whose products have passed the EU certification, such as Hisun Pharmaceutical, Wuxi Kaifu Pharmaceutical and Shanghai Tianping Pharmaceutical, have all chosen the partnership path.

Yu, who has 30 years’ pharmaceutical management experience, pointed out that regulations, processes and even social cultures in foreign markets are “very different” from China. He suggested that for Chinese companies that are “testing water”, in light of the reality of few foreign distribution channels, they can temporarily choose the OEM (original equipment manufacturing) or commissioned processing paths. Only when they become more sophisticated in this area, they may then go for mergers and acquisitions, local entity registration and brand building.

Zhejiang Reachall Pharmaceutical’s fast-track FDA approval in the US was a good example of smart leverage. In early 2007, a big American pharmaceutical distribution company approached Reachall, requiring it to produce ointment products for the North American market. After a series of inspection, research and negotiation, a long term cooperation agreement was signed between the parties. In the same year, an existing Reachall ointment product successfully obtained the FDA certification in US, and the first batch worth US$300,000 was shipped to the US in November.

Breaking the barriers

Since China’s entry into WTO in 2001, many European, American and Japanese pharmaceutical companies have been shifting their raw ingredient and intermediate product production processes to China. “Production outsourcing has taught Chinese companies a valuable lesson in terms of international practices, environmental awareness, quality control and patent protection, and this has greatly improved our competitiveness and international status.” Yu thought that behind the OEM orders and profits, medicine exports from China have to overcome the barriers of international standard integration and product quality breakthrough.

General Manager of Shenzhen Lijian Pharmaceutical, Mr Ouyang Qing, said that in terms of macro aspects, market access rules for medicines between the Chinese market and major overseas markets are similar. The differentiation lies in detailed administrative aspects, such as certification, risk assessment and variable products. Yu also stressed that apart from finished product certification, some overseas markets would require related certification of ingredients, in order to maintain the stability of product qualities.

As for how to find the sweet spots, there may be some examples to follow. According to Mr Ouyang, Shenzhen Lijian was previously in the business of exporting ingredient drugs, whose good quality had won a long term order for a German company. When Lijian decided to expand its valued-adding medicine production business, that German firm was at the same time thinking about shifting their OEM preparation production from France and Italy to lower-cost markets. “So our German partner had played a key role in Lijian’s winning of EU certification,” Mr Ouyang revealed.

And the key to Reachall’s quick FDA approval in US was the choice of products. Compound polymyxin B ointment is an OTC (over-the-counter) product in the US, and the FDA already had detailed requirements on the ointment’s quality, instruction and labelling. This ointment was popular in the US and had gained acceptance in terms of effectiveness and safety. On the other hand, Reachall was the first company in China to produce the generic version of the ointment, and the company had adopted FDA standards even when it was applying for certification in China. This no doubt helped its international entry.

To participate in global competition, the Chinese pharmaceutical industry has to make efforts in certification system integration, English communication skills, product selection and R&D. Company managers should also have long term planning, instead of being opportunistic.

“Don’t underestimate the demand for Chinese generic drugs from international markets, which have already shown great interests and tolerance to their Chinese counterparts,” Mr Ouyang suggested. Mr Yu also thought that there will be more and more Chinese pharmaceutical companies entering major overseas markets. But Yu reminded that there will be a new level of price and variety competition for winning multinational commissioned processing contracts in China. The biggest advantages for Chinese companies are their low costs and acceptable quality, but the profitability will gradually decline as more and more followers trying to take a piece of the cake.

Source by Face Zhang

Should I Stop My Diabetes Medicine? FDA Hearings to Determine Risk of Heart Attack

Today marks the beginning of FDA hearings on Avandia (rosiglitazone), a popular drug for diabetes. The hearing centers on whether Avandia places a patient at higher risk of a heart attack.

Patients taking Avandia may not realize that one of the primary reasons doctors use Avandia is not only to lower one’s blood sugar, but to thereby prevent heart attacks. Thus the question is highly relevant for every diabetic taking this medication.

There is no question that Avandia lowers blood sugar – that is easily proven. The blood glucose-lowering effects can be demonstrated over the course of weeks and months, with evidence of on-going decrease in blood sugar levels for years. And since it is well known that high blood sugar (diabetes) is associated with increased risk of heart attacks, it is only logical that lowering blood sugar levels should decrease the risk of heart attack (myocardial infarction).

Yet this is not necessarily so. Might Avandia be doing something else as yet unidentified within the body? This is often the case with drugs. In fact, it has long been known that taking Avandia increases the risk of liver problems. That is why your doctor checks the liver enzymes in your blood frequently. In certain patients Avandia also causes fluid retention that in some cases is associated with congestive heart failure. Clearly, Avandia does do something in the body besides lower blood sugar, but the question remains, which is more dangerous: to take the medicine or not?

There are many medications on the market for diabetes. Of course, insulin is the prototype and some might think the final answer. But patients do not like to inject themselves and so a number of oral medicines have been developed. Also, taking insulin tends to cause weight gain in Type 2 diabetics, and since weight gain is a big part of the problem to begin with, to some degree it worsens the situation.

Knowing all this, should you stop taking Avandia? At this point the answer is we don’t know. Since the drug was released I have seen a very few patients suffer from excess fluid retention, but since that problem was recognized, the drug has not been advised for patients with swelling or heart failure. To date, only a few of my patients have had abnormal liver tests, and these have all been reversible with discontinuation of the drug. For my patients, Avandia has been effective at lowering blood sugars.

Yet the question remains, what about heart attacks? This week the FDA will be reviewing data from scientific trials regarding the use of Avandia (rosiglitazone), as well as health claims data related to its use. When all the information is gathered, statisticians and physicians will have more accurate information on which to make an informed decision. If we already knew the answer, the hearings would be unnecessary.

But what should you do in the meantime? Here is one way to think about the problem: if the answer has not become clear over 10 years of use in millions of patients, the risk cannot be extremely high and is unlikely to be an immediate danger. Therefore, you have time to discuss this with your doctor. It may well be that certain patients are at risk, whereas others are not. Identifying these subgroups may be the key. Simply stopping Avandia and allowing your blood sugar to run high is definitely not a smart move. If you are afraid of the drug, see your doctor to develop an alternative plan. If you have done well on Avandia and are hesitant to change medication, keep in mind that we don’t yet have proof of increased risk. Keep your eye on the news for analysis of the data, and talk with your doctor at your next appointment.

Copyright 2010 Cynthia J. Koelker, M.D.

Source by Cynthia Koelker

Book Review – Pocahontas – Medicine Woman, Spy, Entrepreneur, Diplomat

When I was a little boy, my grandmother told me that we were descendants of Pocahontas. The idea aroused my fantasies. Having Indian blood was a special blessing. It endowed me with certain spiritual qualities, psychic perceptiveness and magical abilities – in my imagination. Later I was disappointed to learn that it was fashionable among past generations to claim a blood tie to Pocahontas. I suspected my grandmother’s story was of this origin.

Much later I realized that a fascination with things Native American was a symptom of a certain affinity. I valued the Indian fantasy as a call of the wild from within. It was to be answered, but in my own, indigenous terms, not in terms borrowed from other cultures. I recently read a book that has added great depth to this perspective.

Pocahontas: Medicine Woman, Spy, Entrepreneur, Diplomat (HarperSanFrancisco), by Paula Gunn Allen, Ph.D., tells an entirely different history of this American icon from the one we cherish. This award-winning author, a retired professor from UCLA, credited with originating Native American literary studies, has taken the usual sources, plus those rarely referred to, and reinterpreted the data within the context of the Native American mythical worldview. The result is a fascinating account of the transformation of “Turtle Island” into “America the Beautiful.”

Dr. Gunn Allen begins by explaining the spirit-centered worldview of the Native American at that time. The “manito aki,” which pertains to the supernatural, paranormal, spiritinhabited world, was the Native Americans’ waking reality, more real to them than the physical world.

We might say that they were good “Jungians” at that time, because they respected the experiences of the imagination as real and worthy of attention. The natives at that time also realized that their world was coming to an end. Their calendars and mythologies had prepared them. The coming of the white men was part of the fulfillment of this prophecy.

Evidence points to the fact that Pocahontas was a high priestess, initiated into the mysteries of the spirit world and charged with responsibility to these spirits. Based upon her evidence, the author came to the startling conclusion that Pocahontas, rather than falling in love with Captain John Smith, was actually on a preplanned mission taking advantage of him as an unwitting pawn. Her objective: to insure that the spirit of tobacco would find a home in the new world. Tobacco spirit, the essential shamanic power of the Native American world, needed to find a way to be a part of the coming materialistic world that was being born. This mission was crucial if the spirit of the native world was to survive destruction of its manifest existence.

Pocahontas was the channel by which the transfer of power was achieved. Pocahontas’s connection with John Smith was the means by which native spirituality was preserved, even though it would have to hide for centuries within a plant that would be marketed, traded, consumed, and vilified within a purely materialistic consciousness, until such time as this ancient spirituality could one day be reborn in the awareness of the European mindset, as is beginning to happen today.

What is this newly emerging mindset? Gunn Allen writes, ” … the construction of Pocahontas in American thought, while often historically inaccurate, is an indication that the imagination of America is as connected to the manito aki as it is to the land. The problem that Americans face in harmonizing our modern American consciousness with the ancient psyche of the land we inhabit is the dominance of a paradigm that assumes material, measurable existence to be all there is.”

The lesson for us is to respect the intuitive nature of the Timagination. We need to experience and to understand the imagination as a channel of intuitive realities. The mind and its ambassador, the imagination, is quite real although it inhabits a different plane of existence than the world the senses recognize. It is real because it makes a difference in our lives. It is in this realm of the imagination that we can find our highest ideals, that we intuit our interconnectedness as spiritual beings, that we encounter non-material beings, and discover the patterns in the creative forces that shape our lives. Our fascination with all things Native American is evidence of our connection to this non-material world. Yet this connection is something that sadly we do not recognize within ourselves, but project onto these indigenous peoples. Gunn Allen reconnects us with our heritage. She joins us in gratitude to the people who came before us, who built a spiritual time capsule that would survive the materialistic, destructive stage of our history, preserving for the future our endowment as spirit’s children. Pocahontas is truly America’s godmother.

Source by Henry Reed

How Does Complementary and Alternative Medicine Benefit Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Autism is a disorder that responds best to treatment that is holistic and addresses all aspects of the condition. Recent research has shown a benefit for what is considered complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or integrative medicine that focuses on pairing natural treatment approaches with behavioral therapies and treatments. This approach facilitates a more balanced treatment plan as it allows families, like yours, to treat the child with autism as just that – a child affected by autism.

Autism is diagnosed based on criteria from a diagnostic manual of mental disorders however, it is increasingly clear that many of these symptoms are medical – not psychological.

Common medical problems in children on the autism spectrum can include:
• Digestive problems: reflux, diarrhea, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic pain, bloated abdomen
• Seizures
• Allergies, asthma, and eczema
• Food reactions
• Sleep problems
• Infections
• Poor nutrition
• Poor growth

Children with autistic-spectrum disorder have health issues that are very complex. This is the reason that the approach to help these children requires a wide variety of diagnostic tests to scientifically assess the cause of their health issues.

No two individuals experience autism in the same way, and individuals do not respond to the same treatments. This is the reason it is of utmost importance that each child with autism spectrum disorder be evaluated individually.

This is the reason that the approach to help these children requires a wide variety of diagnostic tests to scientifically assess the cause of their health issues. Tests that involve gastrointestinal functioning, allergens: both food and environmental, nutritional needs and toxin levels are paramount to identifying the causes of their symptoms and embarking on a plan to improve health. A plan may involve some or all of the following: dietary changes, use of herbal, homeopathic and nutritional supplements, as well as natural and complimentary medicines as needed to support healing and improve their health and functioning.

Much of this information is not well recognized by most of the medical community and so what is available is found in books or online. This can leave parents feeling frustrated as knowing what to do first, how to prioritize therapies, dietary changes and what supplements to use is subjective without the proper testing.

Diet is an important component for children on the Autism spectrum.

The “Autism Diet” has been around for many years and has helped many children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) improve their health, and functioning. Research shows that 91% of autistic children improved when following the autism diet. According to the Autism Research Institute, nutritional treatments show great success in autism treatment. They suggest an autism diet of avoiding yeast, glutens, casein, and any allergens.

Since 91% of children with autism spectrum disorder improve on the autism diet, this is something that parents can implement without the consult of a doctor or health care professional.

To help implement this diet here is a list of the top 10 foods to eat or avoid according to Dr Axe:


1. Additive-free, unprocessed foods

2. Bone broth

3. Poultry

4. Foods high in probiotics

5. Fish

And the top 5 foods to Avoid are:

1. Gluten

2. Cows Dairy

3. Sugar

4. Food coloring and dyes

5. Soy

Source by Dr Joelle Cafaro

Understanding Naturopathic Medicine

Naturopathic medicine is a branch of medicine that makes use of natural remedies to help the body to heal itself. The practice makes use of different therapies including: exercise, acupuncture, massage, herbs and nutritional healing.

The aim of this type of medicine is to treat the entire person. This means that it targets the body, mind, and spirit. The cool thing is that the technique not only heals the symptoms, it also aims at treating the causes of an illness.

Benefits of naturopathic medicine

In addition to the benefits mentioned above, there are plenty of other benefits that come with this type of treatment. They include:

Preventing diseases: The conventional medicine aims at treating a condition. With naturopathy, you are not only able to treat a condition, but you are also able to prevent the condition from coming about in the future. As mentioned above, the condition aids in fixing the causes of the condition. Since the cause is fixed, it can’t come about later in life.

Overall excellent health: As mentioned above, the technique aims at healing the body, spirit, and mind. As a consequence, you have an overall great life. The naturopath you visit undertakes some tests and help you choose the right foods to eat that will help you have an excellent life.

Cost effective: If you have had a significant condition you will agree with me that conventional treatment options are expensive. Regardless of the condition you have, naturopathy is cheaper. This saves you a lot of money especially if you are operating on a budget.

Customized treatment plans: Unlike in conventional medicine where all the people are given the same medication, naturopathy recognizes that everyone is different. Due to this, the naturopathic doctor tailor makes your treatment depending on your diet, lifestyle, or genetics.

How naturopathic medicine works

The first thing you need to do is find a doctor who is experienced enough and will guide you in giving you the perfect overall health. When you visit the doctor, he/she will examine you for 1-2 hours. During the examination, the professional will ask questions about your medical history, lifestyle habits, and stress levels.

After the doctor has concluded, he/she will come up with a set of recommendations. He will advise you on the best exercises to engage in, what you eat, and if stressed, the stress management tips to put in place. In some cases, the professional might use complementary medicine such as homeopathy, acupuncture, and herbal medicine.

Things to note about the treatment option

The most attractive thing about this treatment option is that you can use it to treat a wide range of conditions such as allergies, fertility issues, obesity, chronic pain, digestive problems, chronic fatigue syndrome, and headaches. You might find some doctors who can treat all of them and others that specialize in one. As you might have guessed, you should visit a doctor who concentrates on one line as he/she is more knowledgeable.


This is what you need to know about naturopathic medicine. To get ideal results with the treatment option, work with a reputable doctor.

Source by Shalini Madhav

Cold Sores – What is the Best Medicine?

Cold sores – those nasty, crusty, painful sores that pop out uninvited. How can you get rid of the ugly buggers? And how can you keep them from coming back?

First, what is a cold sore? Typically, a cold sore begins with an uncomfortable sensation on or around the lips. (Some unfortunate souls have outbreaks on or around the nose and cheeks instead.) Many people describe the feeling as tingling, others as a fullness, pain, soreness, or discomfort. At this stage the skin may appear totally normal.The reason these sores hurt more than, say, mosquito bites, is because the nerve endings are involved. A virus (usually herpes type I) lies dormant in the nerve cells and periodically reactivates.

In the second phase, usually a day or so later, the area becomes reddened, blistered, or swollen. The cold sores enlarge for another few days, after which crusting begins (the healing phase). By another week or two the lesions have resolved.

Cold sores are named “cold sores” because they commonly occur during times of physical stress, such as when you have a cold. For some women they occur on a monthly basis, around the menstrual cycle. However, cold sores seem to have a mind of their own and can break out at any time. They are most contagious when the sores are fresh – even before the blemish has blossomed. If you feel one coming on, avoid kissing and other close contact.

A word of warning: don’t confuse cold sores with canker sores. Canker sores, also called aphthous ulcers, occur inside the mouth, and look like shallow white ulcers with a reddened border. Most the time they are not caused by the herpes virus and don’t improve with anti-viral medication. (Aphtasol© (amelanox) works well for canker sores, costs about $30 for a small tube, and is available only by prescription.)

As for cold sores, the question is whether to treat an outbreak or use preventive medication or both. People who develop lesions only once or twice a year do well to treat the occurrences only. Those with more frequent outbreaks may want to suppress the infection with daily medication.

The most effective drugs are prescription anti-virals. Just like penicillin kills streptococcal bacteria, the anti-viral medications kill or weaken viral “germs.”

What’s the best medicine for cold sores? It depends on what you’re looking for: quick relief? low cost? minimal side-effects? easy dosing?

Now that oral acyclovir has gone generic, it is the least expensive treatment option. For under $20 you can treat a crop of cold sores OR take the medication daily to prevent an outbreak. (Some pharmacies have acyclovir on their list of $4 medications). For prevention, once or twice a day dosing is often effective. For treatment, taking acyclovir up to five times daily may be required. Most people tolerate acyclovir quite well with few if any side-effects.

Acyclovir and penciclovir ointments are also effective, especially when used at the first sign of an outbreak. However, these topical medications run $50 to $70 for a small tube. Whether using the cream or capsules, treating the affected area as soon as you suspect an outbreak may prevent the sores from developing. The ointments are a good choice for people who don’t tolerate the oral medications (due to headaches or stomach problems, for example. Truly allergic patients should not use the topical preparations at all.)

Oral valacyclovir and famicyclovir are anti-viral medications that have the advantage of less frequent dosing, but higher cost (easily over $100 to treat an outbreak).

Just from reading the above drug names you’re likely to conclude that these medications are similar. In my medical practice I cannot tell that one is superior to another except for ease of dosing and individual side-effects.

Any of these drugs will work better than an over-the-counter medication, but at what price? The lesions will resolve on their own anyway (unless you are immunosuppressed). If the prom is next week, you’ll probably want to invest in a prescription medication. But if it’s a choice between medication and vacation, I’d choose the latter.

Copyright © 2010 Cynthia J Koelker MD

Source by Cynthia Koelker

How to Organize Your Medicine Cabinet

Just like your own closet, medicine cabinets can be quite a mess sometimes, especially if you have lots of medicines stored.

These days, with the pharmaceutical industry booming, you can find a wide variety of medicines sold for different health conditions. Companies competing against one another while consumers are on the go for searching the best medicine brand to buy other there for their health problem.

You may be one of those people out there who is facing a dilemma when it comes to organizing medicines properly in the medicine cabinet. At times, when you have lots of medicines already stored, it becomes harder to find the medicine you are looking for when necessary. This could be due to a lot of different factors, such as inappropriate labeling, expired medicines piled up, and so on and so forth.

Yet despite of that, there are still ways to make your medicine cabinet organize and neat again. There is no need to spend money or hire someone to do it for you. It is very easy and you can do it in an instant. The following are some of the tips you can consider to organize your medicine cabinet well:

Color Code

Why not apply color coding method when handling your medicines? If there’s a lot in the family who is taking medicines, then try to classify each one of them according to color. You may want brands to be grouped separately or put a color on each medicine to separate them according to date and time of administration. It totally depends on you. You are the best person who knows how to color code your medicines best.

Medicine containers

A medicine cabinet can become so messy at times, especially if all the medicines aren’t placed well in separate containers.

You may want to organize your medicines according to their form by placing them in different containers. For example, all tablets will be placed in a different container and same goes with liquid medicines.

This way, it would be easier to find and pull out a medicine you need at the moment because you already know where you placed it.

These days, you can find various types of medicine containers available for sale. You can buy them in the department store or at your local drug store. You can do a DIY too if you like.

Label each container

Even though you place all your medicines in separate containers, it would still be hard to search for each if they are not labeled properly.

Don’t forget to label each container according to the categories you have made. Label each container correctly and clearly.

Labeling containers does not have to be hard and complicated. Just cut a small piece of paper, just appropriate to the size of the container, and then stick it on the front, then mark it with a pen. You can even be as creative as you would like and put some colors, stickers, and some cute decorations on the container or label to add more beauty to the space.

Clean your medicine cabinet

Make sure to clean your medicine cabinet every so often. You need to constantly check for expired or damaged medicines and throw them away right away. Of course, you also need to dispose each expired medicine properly according to the disposal instruction written on the label.

By cleaning your medicine cabinet, you need to wipe out dirt and dust. This will ensure that all your medicines remain to be in good condition.

Honestly, cleaning your medicine cabinet every so often would pose more benefits because doing so will prevent your cabinet from smelling bad, especially with expired medicines that not thrown away. Aside from that, this will keep the potency of your usable medicines.

Have enough space

While it is important to make use of the storage spaces available in your medicine cabinet, occupying the entire space without enough room for your hands to move inside would really be bothersome.

Make your medicine cabinet tidy and well organized by not stocking too many items inside, especially those that do not belong to this type of storage space. Even the way you place the containers should be taken into consideration so that they will not all look jumbled up.

If you think organizing your medicine cabinet is hard, you need to think again. Follow these simple tips and you would surely not regret it.

Source by George Patt

How Is Naturopathic Medicine Helpful?

Naturopathic medicine is a medical movement and profession that has recently moved to the forefront of health-care innovation in North America and elsewhere in the world. Focusing on prevention and using natural substances and treatments, naturopathic doctors support and stimulate the body’s ability to heal itself. The naturopathic approach is comprehensive, integrating scientific knowledge with several well-established alternative therapeutic systems (modalities), including:

  • Lifestyle counseling
  • Nutrition
  • Herbal medicine
  • TimeWaver technology
  • Neuro Linguistic Programming (NLP)
  • Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT)
  • Chinese medicine and acupuncture
  • Manual therapies (i.e. massage, physiotherapy, chiropractic, etc.)

These naturopathic modalities can be divided into two categories:

1. Modalities that address the causes of disease: our interaction with the physical environment (what we eat, drink, and breathe), as well as the physical structure of our body. These are best addressed through holistic nutrition, herbal medicine, and Chinese medicine.

2. Modalities that address the underlying mental, emotional, spiritual, and constitutional causes of physical or psychological symptoms: these reflect the internal imbalance that persists even in an optimal environment and ideal lifestyle. These are best addressed through energy medicine, Chinese medicine, and psychotherapy.

By applying these two perspectives together, our clinic is able to offer a comprehensive array of solutions for preventing and treating virtually any health condition, including and especially those considered medically incurable.

Naturopathic Assessment and Treatment

Through an in-depth assessment your naturopathic doctor will strive to understand your complaints and symptoms at the deepest level and to offer you a treatment plan that will bring revolutionary results and promote personal growth. This assessment involves an understanding of the following factors:

  • Lifestyle and physical activity
  • Food intake
  • Psychological temperament (behavioural tendencies, strengths, weaknesses)
  • Childhood history and family relationships
  • Social environment
  • Past physical or psychological trauma and stressful life transitions
  • Past medical interventions
  • Body chemistry (laboratory tests)
  • Exposure to environmental toxins
  • Heredity

Virtually all chronic and most acute conditions can benefit from naturopathic treatment, offering safe options for all ages from infants to the elderly, and for pregnant women as well. Some of these include:

  • Endocrine (hormonal) and metabolic diseases such as diabetes, thyroidconditions, infertility, menstrual complaints, and menopause.
  • Gastrointestinal disease, from baby colic to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) to Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Heart disease, high cholesterol, and hypertension.
  • Autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and interstitial cystitis.
  • Skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea.
  • Asthma, allergies, chronic sinusitis, recurrent infections.
  • Mental health conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and autism.
  • Chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, and other stress-related (psychosomatic) conditions.
  • Personalized medicine for body, mind, and spirit

The primary goal of naturopathic treatment is to address the underlying causes of all illness rather than simply to treat individual symptoms. Naturopathic doctors take into account the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual dimensions of an individual when diagnosing and devising a treatment plan, working from a mindset that emphasizes sustainable, long-term resolution of complaints as well as improvement in overall well-being. Although most patients first choose naturopathic treatment because of chronic concerns, naturopathic methods can also be used to bring relief in acute situations.

Naturopathic doctors complete a minimum of seven years post-secondary education. This training includes the study of medical sciences comparable to that of medical doctors, in addition to exposure to many alternative treatment modalities. Some naturopathic doctors work as general practitioners, utilizing a variety of modalities, whereas other specialize in a primary modality, using other modalities in a supportive role or by referring out to other specialized practitioners.

Source by Richard Lobbenberg

Dinosaur Bones Used in Chinese Medicine

Dinosaur Bones used in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Reports of in the media occasionally appear reporting about local Chinese people using dinosaur fossils to make medicine. The use of dinosaur and other fossils in medicine may be difficult to believe in the West, but this practice of using fossils in traditional medicine is actually quite common. Indeed, there is quite a trade in various dragon bones and other such items within the Far East. Most of the fossils are ground up into fine powders and then these are added to herbs, animal remains, seeds and fruits to make up local remedies. These medicines are used to “cure” a number of ills from tummy upsets, headaches and even colds and flu. It may seem bizarre to us but as dragons are very important to the local mythology of the more remote parts of China. Dragons are supposed to have magical powers and it is these properties that persuade locals to take them in potions to cure what is ailing them.

A Dragon – an Apt Description of a Dinosaur

Ironically, the ancient Chinese who first discovered dinosaur fossils were pretty accurate in their assessment of them belonging to dragons – giant, monstrous reptiles. Not a bad hypothesis, a theory that did not take hold in the West until the 19th Century. Grinding up these fossils for use in medicine may also sound odd, I shudder to think what priceless discoveries have ended up ground into powder by a shaman. However, fossils are generally only found in sedimentary rocks like limestone. These alkaline rocks, once ground down into a fine powder and swallowed may actually assist in easing certain stomach complaints such as acidosis and indigestion. Although, I would never recommend anyone to try this – stick to the prescribed indigestion remedies.

Perhaps we could learn a trick or two from these ancient apothecaries.

Chinese Apothecaries Assisted in the Discovery of Fossils

It is not just dinosaur bones that have been lost to science due to the practices of Chinese medicine. The German palaeoanthropologist Ralph von Koenigswald was wandering around the back streets of Hong Kong in 1935 when he happened upon one of these pharmacies. Curious, he wandered in and he found on one of the many shelves, a very large molar (a tooth) labelled as a dragon’s tooth. He knew that this was a fossil and that it was unlikely to have come from any known reptile but what strange animal could possess such a huge molar? Doctor Koenigswald purchased the tooth and persuaded the proprietor to show him exactly where the tooth had come from. The fossil tooth was traced back to a remote cave, in which, was found more teeth and some bones. Ralph von Koenigswald had discovered a new fossil primate species – the largest ape ever known. He named this new animal Gigantopithecus (Gigantic Ape), it is believed that the males weighed over 550 kgs and if they could stand their two feet they would have been over 3 metres tall.

The fossils of this huge ape, have been found in China and Vietnam, it was a herbivore, eating fruits and bamboo. However, if you want to see dinosaur fossils and don’t fancy a trip to a museum, try a visit to a local Chinese medicine emporium, it is amazing what things you will find on the shelves – even dinosaur bones all labelled up ready to be used in a traditional medicine.

Local People make the Best Dinosaur Hunters

In the more report parts of China, the local people still hold onto a lot of their traditional beliefs. Dragons remain an important symbol in many cultures and this appreciation and respect has assisted many a palaeontological expedition. The locals are often very willing to help the scientists by taking them to places where “dragon bones” and other ancient relics, that we know as fossils have been found. The support and advice of the local population can save a field team many hours or even days, as they are able to pin-point very quickly prospective dig sites that merit further exploration.

China has World’s Biggest Collection of Fossil Vertebrates

The Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology based in Beijing, part of the Chinese Academy of sciences has, largely as a result of co-operating with local people, built up in the last fifty years or so the largest collection of vertebrate fossils in the world. The Institute referred to by the acronym – IVPP has something in the region of two hundred and fifty thousand fossilised bones of vertebrates in its collection. A number of these fossils are those of dinosaurs, as there have been a number of very important dinosaur discoveries made in China over recent years. From the deserts of Mongolia, to the cold depths of the northern plains as well as in the world-famous Liaoning Province – famous for the multitude of feathered dinosaur fossils that have been found there.

Source by Mike Walley

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